Chios is an island of the Central Aegean and the fifth  larger of Greece with an area of 842 sq. km and a coastline of 213 km. It is administratively the Regional Unity of Chios that belongs to the Region of North Aegean with Psara, Antipsara and Oinousses.
The population is 51,320 inhabitants (census 2011) living in the city of Chios, the capital and main port of the island, as well as in the 64 villages of the island. Chios also has a large community in London and New York. The shortest distance to the island from the other shores of Asia Minor is 3.5 nautical miles from the Punta cape to the Erythra peninsula at the height of Cesme. The main products it exports are the famous Chios mastic , oil, figs and wine, and has an international reputation for the size and quality of its shipping. The capital of the island, the city of Chios, is also called Chora.